ISSN: 1300-7777 E-ISSN: 1308-5263
Malignant myelomatous pleural effusion-Is onset of effusion a new prognostic factor? [Turk J Hematol]
Turk J Hematol. 2007; 24(4): 181-185

Malignant myelomatous pleural effusion-Is onset of effusion a new prognostic factor?

Suresh Attili, Batra Ullas, Devi Lakshm, P. P. Bapsy, K. C. Lakshm, K. Govind, D. Lokana, Saini Kamal, G. Anupam
Depatment Of Medical Oncology, Kidwai Memorial Institute Of Oncology, Bangalore, India

Malignant pleural effusion in myeloma (MMPE) is a rare terminal event; with a median survival is four months. All the patients usually have multiple poor prognostic factors and none of them (like beta 2-microglobulin, karyotype, Stage of disease, C-reactive protein etc.) correctly predicts the survival. We are reporting a series of five cases and evaluated the factors influencing the overall survival. All of our patients had a very good response to treatment and had a better survival compared to the reported cases so far. After reviewing the literature carefully we found that timing of development of pleural effusion is probably the most important prognostic factor. Those who develop effusion after some time lag form the initial treatment, will have a poor survival (median four months) compared to those who had effusion at the start of the disease.

Keywords: Myeloma, pleural effusion, survival


Suresh Attili, Batra Ullas, Devi Lakshm, P. P. Bapsy, K. C. Lakshm, K. Govind, D. Lokana, Saini Kamal, G. Anupam. Malignant myelomatous pleural effusion-Is onset of effusion a new prognostic factor?. Turk J Hematol. 2007; 24(4): 181-185

Corresponding Author: Suresh Attili, India


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